Brief History Of Kratom – Mitragyna Speciosa

Kratom is a natural stimulant which is extracted from the leaves of Kratom Tree. Kratom tree has an old history, it dates back to prehistoric times. There is evidence that dates back civilizations in the Asian regions used Kratom for medicinal purposes.  The Kratom tree and its products are always subject to controversies and different types of regulations as the tree is one of the most researched variety of flora of the South East Asian region.

kratom leaf

Cultivation
The Kratom tree is abundant in the South East Asian region. Its spread is from Southern Thailand, northern Malay Peninsula to Borneo. The huge belt has a very high percentage of Kratom trees while the other nearby regions have the tree with a very low density. It is found in both Asia and Africa. In Asia, the trees grow in rainforest and in Africa, the trees grow in swamps. It needs abundance of water to grow. There are different species of the tree in different parts of the world, but none of them are considered as good as the Kratom grown in this Southeast Asian belt.

Kratom tree is an evergreen tree found in tropical and subtropical regions of Asia and Africa. It belongs to the Rubiaceae family which is known for coffee. The tree grows from a height between 15 to 30 feet and can grow from a seed. However, the seed must be fresh. The height and the growth of the kratom tree depend on the region they are planted in. If they are planted in rainforests, they get ample supply of water and grow as tall as 30 feet.

Introduction to Western Word
The earliest description of Kratom is found in 19th century in the journals of Peter William Korthals, who was a biologist for colonial Dutch East India Company from 1831 to 1836 in the region. H. Ridley reported the plant in 1897 along with its sedative and recreational uses. The reports of it being used as a replacement for opium.
Finally in 1907, L. Wray sent the samples to University of Edinburgh for intensive testing and the alkaloid responsible for its sedative action was discovered and named mitragynine.  Over the time the western world got the sedative and recreational applications of Kratom, it established itself as a non-addictive substitute for opium and other addictions and many buy kratom on-line and locally, and strains such as MaengDa, and Bali kratom.

Medicinal Application
Over the years there have been many medicinal applications of Kratom. The leaves and extract were used as a sedative, cure to dysentery, diarrhoea, fever, as an ointment in inflammations and many other applications. The tree leaves are used in different forms for different applications. There are many more unrecorded applications of the Kratom leaves, these are found in texts on the traditional medical techniques in the region.

Today, Kratom is not used for medicinal purposes. It is considered unsafe by most of the medicinal authorities around the world. However, most of the researchers agree that there are cases where Kratom could apply in medicine The abundance of better substitutes has given a huge setback to the research on Kratom.